Disodium Octaborate Tetrahydrate
Boron is one of the most essential elements which are necessary for plants to be fed. Crops that grow in boron weak soil cannot reach to the maximum yield, quality and durability. Meristem tissues which are building stones of plants in which growth and development of a plant occurs, should receive certain level of (see dosage table) boron by means of plant roots in order to continue its development. Without receiving adequate boron, meristem tissue can expand but it cannot be seperated into structural units that give the speciality of tissues. At the points where the advent of boron stops, the growth stops too. Boron deficiency causes bad quality in plants instead of plantal growth. Bad quality rises with the internal deformity of the tissue and is seen as cavity or smeary dots in pulps of crops. While fruits grow fastly or roots of pulp plants develop fastly underground, in plants much more meristem tissue develops in order to provide this development. Meanwhile, inadequacy of boron element which is necessary for meristem, causes formation of soft and rotten points in fruits or underground roots.
Boron products are used commonly in agriculture and foresty and basically as;
1) Fertilizer : micronutrients; directly or as mixture in low concentration,
2) Herbicide : Control of savage/undesired plant, high concentration application,
3) Pesticide : Control of insects /pest; high concentration application,
4) Wood preservation : high concentration application,
5) Flame retardant
Boron necessity of plants differs according to formation features. For the maximum growth of some of them, much more boron is required.
• Boron deficiency in grain causes irregular and inadequate development of seeds and particles,
• Boron is effective in blossoming and fructify of all plants. Because of boron deficiency in many plants, few flowers are seen or in growing flowers irregular pollination is observed. It causes rub off plant bolls in which irregular pollination of flowers is observed and it also causes deep cavities in peanut. In leafed plants such as vegetables and fruits given;
• By adding to dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes,
• With herbicides in nitrogenous solutions
• With irrigation water
1. Before the application, soil analysis should be done.
2. Basic application dosage should be determined by receiving expert assistance according to the boron quantity of soil, plant type, raining situation and the kind of soil.
3. If the dosage is exceeded boron will have toxic effect and can damage the plant.
4. Should be kept out of reach of animals.
5. The product should be preserved in its package, and should not be left in humid environment. When the product contacts with air it absorbs the moisture of the air.